Education, as one of the main means of social development of the human person, is a subject to changes and innovations that meet the needs of society in this era. However, it is impossible to adhere the outdated schemes in education today. So we can talk about innovations in education only in combination with traditions.
The term “innovation”, with regard to education, implies the renewal of the educational system and the introduction of new technologies. Everything that a person develops for this purpose is aimed mainly at improving the efficiency and effectiveness of training. And it tells us that today’s educational standards are outdated, and we need to develop new approaches to the training of the new generation. The main reason for the question that it is time to introduce innovations in the education system is the crisis of this system, and all the innovations are aimed at solving its many problems.
And at the moment there are several contradictions in the educational system that require early resolution:
- Non-compliance of standards of teaching students with their personal characteristics, such as interests, abilities, etc.;
- Non-compliance of development rate of science with the actual cognitive abilities of students;
- Non-compliance of desire for training in one profile with pedagogical objectives of the multilateral personality development.
These contradictions cause difficulties in the process of implementation of innovations in the educational system. And as an example of successful innovations, we can find a few so-called “New schools” of the XX century. We can learn from these examples even today.
Few examples of “New schools” of the twentieth century:
1. “School for life, through life”
It was opened in Belgium. The process of education and training in this school is based on the interaction with wildlife, and the emphasis was made on the freedom and activity of students, as well as constant interaction with their families. In the organization of training took into account the peculiarities of thinking of children, and they tried to attach themselves to various activities. Children’s environment was one of the important components of education.
2. School of “free upbringing”
It was opened in Leipzig, in “Yasnaya Polyana” and several other places. This school implies that learning of any one particular craft or subject is inappropriate. There were no classes or curriculum in this school, but there were no time limits in the process of interaction between students and teachers. The defining reference point was the interest of students and their comprehensive development. Teachers set one goal – to provide students with the most complete picture of what is happening in the world.
3. “Open schools”
They were opened in the UK. They approved the individual character of the education process, which did not require compliance with plans and training programs. There were no classes and lessons as such, schedule, systems of evaluation and control of students. Schedule was flexible, and the teacher planned themes and activities with the students. The main method of learning was “open method”, which implies the children’s independent understanding of the surrounding reality and their self-expression.
4. “Full year school”
It was opened in the United States. Here students studied for the whole year, but after every 45 days they went for a two-week vacation. As a result, children spent the same number of days studying as in ordinary schools, but were always full of energy. It significantly increased their academic performance and the effectiveness of the learning process.
5. “Non-graded school”
They were also opened in the USA. “Ungraded schools” were educational institutions where there was no division into classes by age of students. The educational process consisted of several cycles, in each every student was trained individually, taking into account his personal characteristics and interests.
6. “Labour schools”
Totally, there were opened several schools: in Austria, Switzerland, Germany, France and Russia. In these institutions, students were provided with professional training, which from an early age focused them on work as something particularly valuable, as well as an important component of culture. The learning process was based on the independence of students and their self-management.
It was in the XX century and now the situation has changed, although, of course, the foundations on which “New schools” were based are relevant now, but they can not do.
In any case, today the world is puzzled by the problem of educating young people as citizens of the whole planet, and the international educational space is in the process of continuous development. Sigma Group of Institutes is striving to provide students with a global education strategy that does not depend on the place where the person lives, or on the present level of its development.